Wassily Kandinsky aka Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky was born in
Moscow on 4 December 1866 at a time of economic and cultural
prosperity. A few years earlier, Czar Alexander II had introduced
some reforms which had enabled his family to return to Moscow from
a tea-growing area near the Mongolian border in eastern Siberia.
When he was five his family moved to Odessa and his parents
divorced soon afterwards.
Kandinsky received his first drawing lessons
when he was 10-years-old but he didn't begin studying painting
until he was 1896. In 1900, he studied with Paul Klee at the
Munich Academy of Art under Franz von Stuck. That year his work
was shown at an exhibition of the Moscow Artists Association.
In 1906 Kandinsky moved to Paris with with
Gabriele Munter and lived there until he moved to Berlin with him.
While in Paris Kandinsky's art works enjoyed
popularity and were shown in many exhibitions there, including the
Salon d'Automne, as well as at exhibitions in Dresden. His
work was frequently displayed at exhibitions continuously until
1914 when there was some reduction in his output.
Although in the 1917 photo above of
Kandinsky in Moscow he doesn't appear to belong to the “working
class", Kandinsky made the transition during the
Bolshevik revolution in Russia without problem and became a key
player in the art establishment there. In 1919, he became director
of the Museum for Artistic Culture in Moscow
and had his work displayed with that of Kasimir Malevich and other
Russian artists in the First State Exhibition.
In 1921 Kandinsky was elected
vice-president of the Russian Academy of Aesthetics and also
became head of its psychology department. Two years later he had
his first one-man exhibition in New York.
He became a German citizen in 1928 but
became a French citizen in 1939. Perhaps part of the reason for
changing his citizenship again was because Kandinsky's work was
shown in the 1937 Nazi exhibition of Degenerate Art and 57 of his
art works in German museums were confiscated.
Kandinsky's created his last major work
in 1939, Composition X, and died of arteriosclerosis in the
month of his birth in 1944 at the age of 78.
Below we list some of Kandinsky's most famous paintings.
We welcome comments about them and invite you to vote
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